There were more attacks in Ghazni than there were in Kandahar and Helmand in the fourth quarter of 2010, according to a recently released report by the Afghanistan NGO Safety Office (ANSO), a non-profit which advises humanitarian organizations on the security situation in Afghanistan. This makes Ghazni province, where most Polish troops are stationed, the most violenct province in Afghanistan. The surge is certainly to blame at least in-part, as operations pushed the Taliban out of their traditional strongholds in Helmand and Kandahar (historically the most dangerous areas in Afghanistan).
As Bill Roggio points out at The Long War Journal:
"The Andar district in Ghazni is a known Taliban and al Qaeda hub in the southeast. Since October 2008, the US military has conducted seven raids against al Qaeda cells in Andar, according to press reports compiled by The Long War Journal. Senior Taliban and al Qaeda foreign fighter facilitators are known to operate in the district. .... Al Qaeda and allied terror groups maintain a strong presence in Ghazni province. The presence of al Qaeda cells has been detected in the districts of Andar, Gelan, Ghazni, Shah Joy, and Waghaz, or four of the province's 16 districts, according to an investigation by The Long War Journal."
The ANSO report also includes the following warning to NGOs:
"Although provincial level data (p.12) shows that each province performed differently, taking the national data as a whole we consider this indisputable evidence that conditions are deteriorating...More so than in previous years, information of this nature is sharply divergent from IMF ‘s [International Military Forces ] strategic communication’ messages suggesting improvements. We encourage NGO’s to recognize that, no matter how authoritative the source of any such claim, messages of this nature are solely intended to influence American and European public opinion, ahead of the withdrawal, and are not intended to offer an accurate portrayal of the situation for those who live and work here."
Read the full ANSO report here.